A lot of the key advisors for the Treaty of Versailles were Jews.
Stephen Wise advised president Wilson about the impending treaty before he left America in order to go to the Versailles peace conference and Bernard Baruch advised Wilson at the conference itself.
Philip Sassoon advised British Prime Minister Lloyd George.
French leader Georges Clemenceau was advised by his Jewish Interior Minister Georges Mandel also known as Louis George Rothschild.
The American banking interests were there represented by Paul Warburg, the chairman of the Federal Reserve. His brother, Max Warburg, the head of the German banking firm of Warburg, was there as a representative of Germany.
The Versailles Treaty forced Germany to give up territory to Belgium, Czechoslovakia and Poland, return Alsace and Lorraine to France and cede all of its overseas colonies in China, Pacific and Africa to the Allied nations. In addition, it had to drastically reduce its armed forces and accept the demilitarization and Allied occupation of the region around the Rhine River. Most importantly, Article 231 of the treaty placed all blame for inciting the war squarely on Germany, and forced it to pay several billions in reparations to the Allied nations. Even mainstream historians say that the Treaty of Versailles was a mistake and that it was the main cause why Germany went back to war.
Some of the key communist agitators of the 1918 German revolution were Jews, too. The revolution as a whole ended with the replacement of the German federal constitutional monarchy with a democratic parliamentary republic that later became known as the Weimar Republic. The revolutionary period lasted from November 1918 until the adoption in August 1919 of the Weimar Constitution, which was written by the Jew Hugo Preuß. There were several groups which had confrontations between themselves as the revolution went on. The Spartacists and Jewish communists themselves didn’t agree with a lot of the policies of the SPD, so they decided to create a communist party of themselves. This movement is known as the Spartacist uprising. Some of the main figures behind the movement included Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht. The rebels were openly sympathetic towards the Russian communist revolution which was also led by Jews. The rebels themselves were defeated and some even executed by the nationalist Freikorps private paramilitary groups. Not to say every single Jew should be held responsible by the crimes committed, because after all, excessive use of violence happened on both sides. But the Jewish over representation in the communist revolutions in Russia and Germany, their influence over the media and their involvement in the Treaty of Versailles didn’t help an already paranoid German population that had to watch as their country deteriorated both culturally and economically everyday. As explained before, Germany was forced to pay billions of dollars to the allied nations because of the Treaty of Versailles, that combined with the political turmoil in which the country was in because of the different groups trying to seize power, the situation in Germany became desperate and inflation on an astronomical scale became the only way out for the government. Printing presses were engaged to print money around the clock. In 1921 the exchange rate was 75 marks to the dollar. By 1924 this had become about 5 trillion marks to the dollar. This hyperinflation virtually destroyed the German middle class, reducing any bank savings to a virtual zero. (Koestler The God that Failed p 28).
On September 29, 1938 an agreement was signed between Hitler and Great Britain’s Neville Chamberlain which called for a peaceful revision of the wrongs committed by the Treaty of Versailles. A four-power conference was planned which would preserve the peace. The four powers were Great Britain, Germany, France and Italy.
An ambassador for the Munich Agreement, a Mr. Oswald Pirow, was sent to Germany to ease the tension on the Jewish issue. Neville Chamberlain told Pirow that pressure of International Jewry was one of the principal obstacles to the Munich Agreement and that it would greatly help him resist that pressure if Hitler could be induced to moderate his policy towards the Jews. Pirow stated that Hitler viewed this idea with favor and an Anglo-German agreement was in sight.
However, On November 7, 1938, the Polish Jew, Herschel Grynszpan, murdered the German Secretary of State, Ernst von Rath, in Paris. The assassination provoked an anti-Jewish backlash in Germany which in turn incited public opinion in Great Britain and the USA against Chamberlain’s efforts to relieve Anglo-German tension.
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