all 8 comments

[–]althekemist 4 insightful - 1 fun4 insightful - 0 fun5 insightful - 1 fun -  (5 children)

So, AI may not come about as a silicon based maybe a carbon based unit. Well these elements are next to each other in the same family of elements. They like four bonds to complete the octet rule.
So cool that if carbon (non metallic element) is physically manipulated into nano units it becomes as good or better conductor of electricity than our metallic elements.
Using 1/3 the power to complete the same task at three times the speed...interesting.
With carbon being three times faster at 1/3 power does it create the same heat foot print as our metallic computer friends? How much electrical resistance does a nano tube create/transfer into heat?

[–]magnora7[S] 2 insightful - 1 fun2 insightful - 0 fun3 insightful - 1 fun -  (4 children)

I think it generates even less heat than traditional wires. Not sure about the transistors though. The real exciting development would be if they were able to start using photonics instead of electronics. I've heard carbon nanotubes make great photonic waveguides

[–]althekemist 1 insightful - 1 fun1 insightful - 0 fun2 insightful - 1 fun -  (3 children)

Photonics...quantum computing?

Say the use of lasers light and special glass to etch information as holograms?

[–]magnora7[S] 1 insightful - 1 fun1 insightful - 0 fun2 insightful - 1 fun -  (2 children)

Yes that's a possibility too, but even just figuring out how to make an optical transistor and make a regular CPU would be an amazing step forward. The speed and efficiency gains would be incredible. Like 1000x, potentially

[–]althekemist 2 insightful - 1 fun2 insightful - 0 fun3 insightful - 1 fun -  (1 child)

I'm trained in chemistry not electronics. Would you be able to give me some detail on the problem of creating a optical transistor?

Could it be photons are not so easy to control as electrons when creating an on/off switch?

Photons can be observed/measured in two states. Is this part of the problem?

Is it a problem of creating the correct materials for photons as in p and n-doped materials in electronic transistors?

Thanks for your time and create a great day...

[–]magnora7[S] 1 insightful - 1 fun1 insightful - 0 fun2 insightful - 1 fun -  (0 children)

Could it be photons are not so easy to control as electrons when creating an on/off switch?

Yes, exactly. This is because photons are electrically neutral as a whole, they carry no net electric charge, positive or negative. Thus they are not influenced by things like "voltage".

So to modulate the behavior of photons as a switch like in a transistor, also using other photons to flip the switch, would require a mechanism that works on completely different principles than an electric PNP or NPN transistor. Plus photons don't interact with other photons, they pass right through each other. This makes it very difficult for them to affect each other. Basically there would have to be some matter (probably an electron or proton) that absorbs the photon's energy that acts as a switch somehow because the photons cannot directly affect each other. Electrons hit each other and repel each other because of their charge, but photons flow through each other without affecting each other. So there is no way to create photon "pressure" aka voltage, so the design of the transistor has to be completely and totally different.

Maybe a fluorescent material might work...

It's easy to make an OR logic circuit with photons (you just combine the streams), but no one has figured out how to make an AND circuit with just photons, or any other type of logic gate. Even the simple NOT gate hasn't been figured out... how do you make a physical thing that when it detects light, refuses to send light. But when it sees no light, it lets light through from a light source. How do you do that with zero electronics, just from physical materials? That's the billion dollar question.

And also what frequency are the photons used, and why? I assume the material used would have some property that's best exploited at a certain frequency...

These are the main unanswered questions with inventing a photon transistor. If you can figure out how to make a photon AND gate, you will probably be rich for the rest of your life.

[–]d3rr 2 insightful - 1 fun2 insightful - 0 fun3 insightful - 1 fun -  (1 child)

Way cool, maybe Moore's law lives

[–]magnora7[S] 2 insightful - 1 fun2 insightful - 0 fun3 insightful - 1 fun -  (0 children)

We will see, Moore himself thinks it will end within a decade as we approach transistors that are 1 atom wide